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Fantastic Results from Malawi Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment (MPHIA)

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Fantastic Results from Malawi Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment (MPHIA)
Lilongwe, 2nd December 2016
 
 
As the world commemorated World AIDS Day yesterday, it is time for Malawi to celebrate some of the truly fantastic achievements we have just seen confirmed in the Malawi Population-Based Impact Assessment (MPHIA 2016). The MPHIA was conducted between November 2015 and August 2016 as a nationally representative household survey, involving HIV testing for more than 17,000 adults and over 6,000 children.
Preliminary results from the MPHIA, focusing mainly on the results from the adult population, are summarized in the following fact sheet. These empirical population estimates are remarkably consistent with our national program data for the HIV treatment cascade. The small differences we see in this direct comparison of survey estimates vs. program data are explained by the conservative approach we use for estimating the 'first 90' based on the number of people actually enrolled and retained in care. This is clearly an underestimate for the number of PLHIV who know their status, which seems to be confirmed by the MPHIA results.

 

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The MPHIA results confirm that Malawi is well on track to achieve the 90-90-90 targets by 2020.
The low level of adult HIV incidence, which was directly measured in the survey, show that Malawi's National Strategy has truly led us to a turning point in our fight against HIV.
We are looking forward to sharing more detailed results from the MPHIA as they become available early next year.
We would like to thank our partners for the amazing support that has made these results possible.

Malawi records the largest decline in new HIV infection rates among infants - Globally

The 2014 UNAIDS Gap Report recognizes Malawi’s tremendous progress towards eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV. According to the latest epidemiological projections, Malawi achieved the largest reduction in infant infection rates in the world:

Infant HIV infection rates declined by 67% between 2009 and 2013

This achievment was based on a new policy for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission - developed and first implemeted in Malawi in 2011 -  making life-long ART available for all HIV infected pregnant and breastfeeding women, regardless of clinical stage or CD4 count. This has resulted in a 66% reduction of vertical transmission within 3 years. This Malawi-pioneered strategy has since been included in global guidance by World Health organisation (WHO). As of February 2014, 12 other African countries were implementing Option B+.

UNAIDS GAP 2014 MTCT chart

Malawi surpasses 500,000 patients on ART

Malawi has passed an important milestone in June 2014: Over half a million patients are now alive on ART!

This is equivalent to 50% of the total HIV positive population and it means that close to 1 out of 20 Malawian adults is now living on ART. This achievement seemed purely aspirational only a few years ago.

Patients alive on ART at the end of each quarter, stratified by size of facility (number of patients alive on ART)

Each quarter since 2005, the Department of HIV and AIDS has published an HIV Program Reports with many service statistics and program updates.

Here are some of the highlights from the latest Integrated HIV Program Report for July - September 2014:

  • Over 550,000 people were tested for HIV and received their results this quarter
  • 89% women at ANC had their HIV status ascertained
  • 85% of all HIV positive pregnant women in the population were on ART
  • The ART program scale-up has continued 'right on track' with 521,319 patients alive on ART by end September 2014

Malawi embraces the 90-90-90 treatment goals

Malawi's latest National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS (2015-2020) aims to meet the ambitious 90-90-90 Treatment Targets released by UNAIDS in 2014, preparing to control the HIV epidemic by 2030.

By the end of 2020, Malawi will have:

  • Diagnosed 90% of all people living with HIV (PLHIV)
  • Started and retained 90% of those diagnosed on ART
  • Achieved viral suppression for 90% of patients on ART

Reaching these 90-90-90 targets in 2020 will result in 760,000 (73%) of the projected 1,042,000 PLHIV being virally suppressed, leading to a dramatic reduction in sexual and vertical transmission at the population level.

Early Antiretroviral treatment (ART) is the most powerful intervention available to prevent HIV morbidity and mortality, particularly in the context of Malawi's health services with limited capacity to diagnose and manage HIV-related diseases. There is overwhelming evidence, including from Malawi, that early ART reduces the risk of TB and AIDS-defining illnesses.

AIDS mortality ART Scaleup

Malawi's rapid and successful ART scale-up from 2004 to 2014 has critically influenced the HIV epidemic, reducing mortality, morbidity, and transmission.

In the one decade since starting the national treatment program:

  • 275,000 deaths have been averted
  • 1 out of every 20 Malawi adults is now on ART

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